To prevent surgical errors, your nurse, surgeon, or other members of your health care team may mark the area to be operated on with a marker or pen. Ask your doctor if you should expect this from your surgery.
3. Ask About Anesthesia Options
The type of surgery you will have often determines where and how you’ll be numbed, but ask you doctor about you anesthesia choices. Local anesthesia numbs a small part of the body, regional numbs a larger area, and general anesthesia affects your whole body. Depending on the type of anesthesia, it can be taken by injection, IV or inhaled.
4. Don’t Fear Waking Up While Under Anesthesia
Waking up while under general anesthesia during surgery can happen but becoming fully aware is rare. Most people that experience anesthesia awareness. Awareness risks are higher during high risk surgery such as trauma. cardiac surgery, or emergency cesarean section, or in surgeries on unstable or critically ill patients. Talk with your anesthesiologist before surgery about concerns about awareness and after if you think it’s happened to you.
5. Pain After Surgery – what to expect
You may feel pain, pressure, or a burning sensation where you were operated and as you start moving. You may also experience throat discomfort and muscle soreness. Tell your doctor if you need pain medicine. Controlling pain can make you more comfortable, but the risk of complication and speed healing. Before discharge, ask about pain management options at home. In addition to medication, relaxation tapes, heat or cold therapy or massage may also help ease pain.
6. Fight Hospital Infections
To lower your risk of hospital-acquired infections such as MRSA ( a drug-resistant staph infection) do not hesitate to speak about good hygiene. Do not be shy about making sure your doctors and nurses use proper hygiene procedures prior to treating you. For example: washing of hands or sanitizing them before treating you. After surgery, keep your hands clean and watch for sighs of infection including: feacer chills, weakness, increased pain, swelling, redness, bleeding and wound discharge,
7. Discuss Your Medical Conditions
Tell your medical team about health issues such as, lung disease, diabetes, high blood, pressure, dental work, arthritis or food and drug allergies. It is also important to say if you or any family members have had a reaction to anesthesia, the medications that will be used to numb you for surgery.
8. Supplement Reactions
Supplements such as ginko, biloba, ginseng, garlic, echinacea, fish oils, vitamins, and many more may increase heart rate and bleeding related risk. Other side effects may affect how long anesthesia last or interact with other medicines. Up to 70% of people do not disclose to their doctors this information. It is important you do not hesitate to speak about your supplement intake. Your doctors may recommend stopping your supplements intake one or two weeks prior to your surgery.
9. Line up Caregivers
You will most likely feel drowsy right after your surgery and may need some help getting around. So ask for support from family members and friends. As you recover, it is highly recommended you are cared for by someone else other than yourself. If you need assistance make arrangements and ask someone you trust to stay overnight with you.
Tell you anesthesiologist if you smoke. Smoking increases infections and other surgery complications. Your lungs help your body get rid of inhaled anesthesia. Quitting smoking before your surgery may help you heal more quickly. Quit when you can but it is highly recommended to try and stop at least two weeks before surgery. Nicotine replacement therapies and support groups are just a few ways to help make quitting easier.
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